Metabolic Syndrome: Causes and Symptoms

Hand Blood Test

Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of health conditions that increases the risk of type 2 diabetes and heart diseases. The conditions include high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist area, and abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Having only one of these conditions doesn't imply having metabolic syndrome. However, it does mean that you are at greater risk!

The term 'metabolic' refers to the chemical and biochemical processes necessary for a normal functioning body. Risk factors are particular traits or conditions that increase the chance of developing this disease.

Metabolic Syndrome is an increasingly common disease, and in the US alone, one-third of the adults have it.

If you feel like you might be at risk, a proactive approach goes a long way! It includes aggressive lifestyle changes to prevent the development of such a health condition.


What are the Risk Factors?

The following underlying causes put you at the greatest risk for Metabolic Syndrome:

  • Insulin Resistance
  • Abdominal Obesity (Apple or Pear shaped body)
  • Inactive Lifestyle

People taking medication for allergies, inflammation, or depression are at greater risk because such medicines may cause weight changes, blood sugar changes, and even cholesterol. Age and ethnicity also play a significant role!


Main Causes:

It is likely to be closely linked with obesity and inactiveness. Having excess weight in your abdominal region increases the risks by a significant percentage. According to experts, as we see growing obesity rates, there are more cases of metabolic syndrome.

Another cause is insulin resistance. In standard cases, the digestive system breaks down the food into sugar, and insulin helps sugar enter the cells, which then acts as fuel for the body. People with Insulin resistance don't respond to sugar, which is why the sugar cannot enter the cells, which results in higher blood sugar levels.

Hormonal imbalance also plays a significant part. An example of such imbalance is the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) that affects fertility and is related to metabolic syndrome and hormonal syndrome.

Smoking also contributes to this!


Heart-Healthy Lifestyle changes: Start Today

Yes! Heart-healthy lifestyle changes are the first and most effective treatment in line for metabolic syndrome. The goal is to reduce the risk of heart disease, manage your stress, and aim for a healthy weight and an active lifestyle. It will not only help with blood sugar levels and weight problems but also prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes.

If you think you have any of the conditions as mentioned earlier, make amends to your lifestyle and habits today!


This article's statements are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Consult with your doctor before making any change to your diet or beginning an exercise program